What is Micropropagation? – Definition
Micropropagation is the growing of plants from meristematic tissue or somatic cells of superior plants on nutrient suitable media under controlled aseptic physical conditions.
Objectives of Micropropagation
- Production of virus free stock
- To multiply plants whose multiplication rate is very low
- To produce progenies which are genetically identical to their parents
- To obtain genetic variability
- Recovery of distant hybrids
- Germplasm conservation
- Germplasm exchange
- Genetic transformation – addition or deletion of gene
Types or Processes or Techniques or Methods of Micropropagation
- Micropropagation by axillary and apical buds
- Micropropagation by axillary shoots (buds, bulbs and protocorms)
- Micropropagation through callus culture
- Artificial seeds
- Somaclonal variations
Procedure – Steps of Micropropagation
General procedure for micropropagation is generally explained under five headings. Visit link to get details of all the steps involved.
Advantages or Merits of Micropropagation
Page Advantages of micropropagation includes merits, demerits and problems interfering during micropropagation.