What is Mitosis? – Definition
W. Flemming coined the term ‘Mitosis’.
Mitosis is the process by which a single cell divides and produces two daughter cells, each containing the same number of chromosomes and genetic content as that of the parent cell.
For various stages of mitotic division visit Mitosis stages. This will give complete idea about about the process of mitosis cell division.
Summary of Chromosomes and Chromatids during Mitosis
|Telophase||2n||At end 2n|
Significance of Mitosis
- Helps the cell to maintain proper size.
- Helps to maintain equilibrium in the amount of DNA and RNA in the cell.
- The dying, damaged and dead cells are replaced by mitosis.
- Some animals can regenerate parts of the body by mitosis.
- Mitosis is involved in asexual reproduction in certain organisms like in unicellular Amoeba and multicellular Hydra.
- Sex cells depend on the mitosis for the increase in their number.
- Some plants produce offspring which are genetically identical to themselves (clones).