Scientific Classification – Sugarcane

How sugarcane is classified?

Scientific / Botanical classification of sugarcane

Classification Description
Kingdom Plantae Plants
Sub-kingdom Tracheobionta Vascular plants
Super-division Spermatophyta Seed plants
Division (Phylum) Magnoliophyta Flower bearing plants
Class Liliopsida Monocotyledons
Subclass Commelinidae
Order Poales
Family Poaceae Grass family
Genus Saccharum L.

What is Saccharum complex?

It includes genus Saccharum and 4 related genera viz. Erianthus, Miscanthus, Narenga and Sclerostachya.

Some of the species of sugarcane

Species Other names Native Description
S.officinarum Pondya, Pundia
Noble species
New Guinea Cultivated species. Thick, juicy stalk with high sugar and low fiber. Compressed internodes. Generally resistant to smut, susceptible to mosaic and red rot. Occupies first position in the list of contributors, to the genome (hybrid, complex) of modern cultivated sugarcanes cultivars.
S.barberi Includes sugarcane group ‘Sunnabile’ North-eastern India Cultivated species. Short and thin stalks. Long internodes. Early maturity. Low to Medium sugar content.
S.sinenes Includes sugarcane groups ‘Nargori, Mungo and Panschi’ North-eastern India Cultivated species. Long, thin stalks. Early maturity. Low to Medium sugar content. Prominent nodes. Long and zigzag like internodes.
S.spontaneum Kans grass, Kash South Asia Wild species of sugarcane, relative of cultivated cane. Highly resistant to abiotic and biotic stresses. Low sugar content. Occupies second position in the list of contributors, to the genome (hybrid, complex) of modern cultivated sugarcanes cultivars.
S. robustum New Guinea Swollen, solid internodes
S.arundinaceum
Naanal
South Asia Hardy sugarcane species
S.ravennae Italian sugarcane, Ravenna grass, Plume grass Temperate – tropical Asia It is tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane. Can be used as forage and for erosion control.
S.procerum Solid internodes.
S.edule Partial sterile from cultivated species.