What is Agriculture?

In simple words agriculture is growing of crops and rearing of animals.

It is the science, art, and business of cultivating the soil, crop production and rearing and management of livestock.

A much broader definition could also include –

  • Farm input suppliers
  • Food processing, marketing and distribution
  • Emerging bio-economy (involving commercial farms and others) along with production of food, fiber, horticultural products and raising livestock from soil and water resources.

What agriculture does not include are industries which use biomass as raw material like paper industry, in livestock horse stables, forestry etc. Now days, it is emerging concept to arrange farms as picnic spots, to give the experience of farm lifestyle – agri-entertainment. It also does not come under agriculture.

We can roughly divide agriculture in two types